Caricature showing a publican's dilemma during a cholera epidemic, Europe, c. 1854
Drawn in 1854, during the third major British cholera pandemic of the 1800s, this caricature shows a publican worrying how the disease will affect his business. The paper in his hand reads “Gin drinkers beware”. The caricature is one of a set of three based on the fear of cholera, preventing and treating cholera (showing a physician), and an undertaker hoping for cholera. Cholera is a bacterial infection of the small intestine causing severe diarrhoea and vomiting. The disease is now known to be spread through infected water supplies.
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Pictorial works produced by transferring images by means of a matrix such as a plate, block, or screen, using any of various printing processes. When emphasizing the individual printed image, use "impressions." Avoid the controversial expression "original prints," except in reference to discussions of the expression's use. If prints are neither "reproductive prints" nor "popular prints," use just "prints."
A sudden widespread occurance of an infection with high numbers of people affected.
A severe infection of the small intestine commonly contracted through eating or drinking contaminated food or water. Causes severe vomiting and diarrhoea, leading to dehydration, which can be fatal.
An epidemic that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of the population.
A representation that exaggerates certain features or characteristics to humorous effect.