Bronze kohl stick, Egypt, 1575-1194BCE
The Egyptians wore kohl around the eyes as a cosmetic. It not only gave the wearer a beautiful appearance but was believed to have medicinal as well as religious purposes. Kohl is made from galena, a lead-containing ore. It appears to have been a deterrent against insects that irritate the eyes. Its dark colour also protected against the sun. Horus is a major Egyptian god. The eye of Horus is common in Ancient Egyptian imagery. Wearers of this symbol believed it protected them. Some historians believe Egyptians thought outlining their eyes carried the protection of the gods with them.
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Glossary: classical and medieval medicine
Glossary: cosmetic applicator
Brush, stick or impliment for applying cosmetics to the body