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Copy of vaginal speculum, Europe, 1901-1939

The original of this vaginal speculum was found at Pompeii. It is now in the Museo Nazionale in Naples. The speculum was inserted into the body. The handles were then rotated to expand the distance between the blades. This is a very early Roman example of this gynaecological instrument. Variations on it are still used. Gynaecologists now use them to diagnose genito-urinary diseases. They are also employed in related surgical procedures.

Object number:

A646755

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Glossary:

Glossary: vaginal speculum

Instrument for dilating the vagina, and throwing light within thus facilitating examination or surgical operations

Glossary: obstetrics

A branch of medicine dealing with the care of women. This care occurs during pregnancy, childbirth, and the period of recovery from childbirth.

Glossary: gynaecology

A branch of medicine dealing with the treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive system.

Glossary: replica

Use for precise reproductions of valued objects, usually in the same dimensions as the original. For reproductions of an image alone, use "reproductions" or "facsimiles." Use also when more than one similar object is produced by the same artist, craftsman, or studio, with little or no variation between them; if variation is apparent, use "versions." Distinct from "forgeries" and "counterfeits," which are produced with the intent to deceive.