Pocket ophthalmoscope and auriscope with spare specula, Germany, 1979
Auriscopes (shown on the right) examine body cavities such as the ear. They are used in conjunction with small plastic disposable specula. An opthalmoscope views the inner eye. These instruments were once only used by ear nose and throat specialists. However, sets such as these are now an essential part of the general practitioner’s equipment. They were made by German company Heine Optotechnik.
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The branch of medicine dealing with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways (usually the eyes or the brain).
An instrument for viewing the interior of the eye, particularly the retina. Light is shone into the eye via a mirror (usually concave) and then examined with or without the aid of a lens. Invented by by Hermann Von Helmholtz in 1850
Glossary: diseases of the ear, nose and throat