Paediatric incubator, United Kingdom, 1980-1986
An incubator is a controlled environment into which a premature baby is placed to monitor its progress and increase its chances of survival. The Resuscitaire incubator provides facilities for reviving a newborn. This example was for infants experiencing 'apnoea', a condition where breathing stops. This problem is most common in very premature babies. Oxygen saturation in the blood falls during an apnoeic attack. It has to be re-established quickly to prevent long-term brain damage or death. This incubator would sound an alarm should the baby show signs of apnoea, such as a drop in heart rate. The condition is also treatable within the incubator by altering the temperature and oxygen concentration.
Related Themes and Topics
The act of restoring life to someone near death. This is done by such measures as artificial respiration (kiss-of-life) and cardiac massage.
The branch of medicine dealing with the medical care of children, infants and adolescents. The patient age limit is usually 14-18, depending on the country. A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a paediatrician.
A container in which environmental conditions can be maintained. When babies are born prematurely, they are placed in an incubator to maintain the correct temperature and humidity.