Model of adult skull, illustrating deformities, England, 1962
Shown on the top left is a model of the front part of a female adult skull. It features facial and skull malformations. The model shows the overdevelopment of the lower jaw, cleft palate (where the roof of the mouth does not fully form), hare lip (the top lip has a split that does not form) and lack of upper jaw development. The model illustrates the effects of these conditions on teeth development and their arrangement in the mouth. It was created by dentist and oral surgeon Dr Desmond Greer Walker (1911-87).
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The skeleton of the head of a vertebrate animal, including the brain case, or cranium, and the bones and cartilages of the face and mouth. The skull can be subdivided into two parts: the cranium and the mandible. The human skull is made up from 22 bones.
Glossary: model - representation
Use for a scaled representation of an object or structure, usually three-dimensional. The item is often idealised or modified to make it conceptually easier to understand.