Dentist's models of child's skull needing bone grafts, England, 1954
The two models in the front row of this image represent ‘before and after’ images of the same child patient. The first model illustrates the lack of growth in the lower jaw, and the overgrowth of the upper jaw. The model has a sprung jaw to demonstrate bite, the angle where the lower and upper teeth meet, and jaw movement. The second model shows the bone grafts inserted to correct the condition. The models were created by oral surgeon Dr Desmond Greer Walker (1911-87).
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Techniques and Technologies:
The skeleton of the head of a vertebrate animal, including the brain case, or cranium, and the bones and cartilages of the face and mouth. The skull can be subdivided into two parts: the cranium and the mandible. The human skull is made up from 22 bones.
Glossary: model - representation
Use for a scaled representation of an object or structure, usually three-dimensional. The item is often idealised or modified to make it conceptually easier to understand.
The study, treatment and management of diseases affecting the mouth, jaws, gums, teeth and their supporting tissues.
Glossary: bone graft