Child’s spinal carriage, United Kingdom, 1890-1920
People with serious illnesses or injuries affecting the neck or spine were often transported in vehicles such as these. This spinal carriage came from the Central Infant Welfare Clinic in Bradford and was specially made for children. It is essentially a large pram. It let the child be moved between rooms without changing position and it also enabled them to be moved outside. Sunlight and fresh air were known to be beneficial by this period. This was particularly true in relation to tuberculosis, which often attacked the spine. The carriage is made of wood, with the interior padded with leather. It is raised some way off the ground. This meant the child was at the height of other children and closer to adults attending them.
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Glossary: spinal carriage