Signboard listing Presidents of the British Phrenological Society, England, 1886-1965
This signboard lists the presidents of the British Phrenological Society from its foundation in 1886 to 1965. The society’s first woman president was elected in 1924. Phrenology was popular in the 1800s. There were over 200 phrenologists active in Britain in the first half of that century. However, the medical profession found it controversial and denounced the phrenologists’ claims as unfounded. The British Phrenological Society disbanded in 1967.
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The study of the bumps on the outside of the skull in order to determine a person's character. It was based on the mistaken theory that the skull becomes modified according to the size of different parts of the brain.