Cardiac pacemaker, for axilla implantation, London, England, 1963
Made at St George’s Hospital, London, this is a unique type of pacemaker made for implantation into the armpit, or axilla. Cardiac pacemakers were developed in the 1960s. They emit regulated electrical impulses. These stimulate the contraction of the heart muscles to provide sufficient rate of heartbeat. A pacemaker is often implanted into the chest of a person whose natural pacemaker is too slow or who has a condition where the electrical pulses are impaired. Pacemakers are now implanted in the chest. Axilla implantation fell out of use with the arrival of lithium batteries. These replaced the mercury-zinc battery used by this pacemaker. One million people worldwide are fitted with pacemakers.
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An abbreviation for ‘cardiac pacemaker’. It is a small device implanted in the heart that consists of electrodes. The electrodes emit electrical impulses to regulate the beating of the heart.
Glossary: cardiac pacemaker
Refers to the cells which emit impulses that control the contractions of the heart, regulating its beat. Can also refer to devices used to create these impulses artificially, if the heart’s ability to do so has been damaged.