Padded wooden chair, United Kingdom, 1770-1823
Overcome by illness and the effects of a stroke Dr Edward Jenner (1749-1823) died in this padded wooden chair in 1823. Jenner was an English country doctor. He introduced vaccination to protect people from smallpox. The results of his study into vaccination were published in 1798. His apparent discovery met much opposition and even ridicule. However, smallpox vaccination was made compulsory in 1853 in England and Wales. This occurred 30 years after Jenner’s death. The law was abolished in 1909 after much campaigning by anti-vaccination leagues.
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The introduction of vaccine into the body for the purpose of inducing immunity. Coined originally to apply to the injection of smallpox vaccine, the term has come to mean any immunising procedure in which vaccine is injected.
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