Bow Nuremberg spectacles, cased, Germany, 1651-1710
The shape of the nose bridge gives the name bow frame spectacles. They are made from a single length of copper wire. Thread has been wound around the bridge for added comfort by the owner. These are typical of spectacle design in the 1600s. They are named after the main centre for spectacle making: Nuremberg in Germany. They were difficult to wear. The wearer had to tilt his or her head back slightly so they would stay on. They appear with a matching brass case.
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The branch of medicine dealing with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways (usually the eyes or the brain).
Pair of eyeglasses to compensate for defective vision or to protect the eyes from light, dust, and the like. Kept in place by sidepieces passing over the ears, on the nose or held in the hand.
Glossary: Treatments and cures
The professional practice of eye and vision care. Optometry includes the correction of visual defects with lenses or glasses.