Resusci-Anne training manikin with inflator, Norway, 1960-1985
The Resusci-Anne manikin is a model which accurately simulates the human respiratory system for training purposes. This example trained drivers in the London Ambulance Service to provide Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), known as ‘mouth to mouth’, in emergency situations. ‘Mouth to mouth’ ensures oxygen reaches vital organs such as the brain when natural breathing has ceased due to a medical emergency. It involves breathing into a casualty’s mouth and administering chest compressions to stimulate heart beat. These manikins are used by emergency and non-emergency personnel on life saving courses. Anne’s face is reputedly based on a drowned woman pulled from the River Seine in Paris in the late 1880s. The mortician was apparently so moved by her serene features he had a death mask made of her face.
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Models of the human body used for teaching anatomy or demonstrating surgical operations.
The act of restoring life to someone near death. This is done by such measures as artificial respiration (kiss-of-life) and cardiac massage.
Glossary: cardio-pulmonary resuscitation
An emergency procedure, usually applied to those who have suffered a heart attack or some form of respiratory failure. It involves physical treatments intended to artificially create circulation. This is usually attempted through rhythmic pressing on the chest to manually pump blood through the heart and the ‘kiss of life’. The kiss of life exhales air into the patient to inflate the lungs and bring oxygen into the blood.