Anthropometric callipers in canvas roll, Switzerland, 1930-1948
Anthropometric callipers accurately measured areas of the body such as the head. These callipers were modified for use in the Harpenden Growth Study. This studied the physical development of a group of children at Harpenden Children’s Home in Hertfordshire during the 1940s. It aimed to develop a benchmark from which children all over the country could be measured. The children resided at the home for a number of years. They were repeatedly measured and assessed as they grew. The study monitored them from pre-school to maturity. The Child Growth Tests were done by James Tanner & R. H. Whitehouse for the Institute of Child Health. They were funded by the Ministry of Health.
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The measuring of body parts so that comparisons can be made. The aim is to measure normal and abnormal development. In the past, it has also been used in attempts to measure racial difference.
Instruments consisting usually of a pair of hinged legs used for measuring dimensions, for example thickness or diameters.
Glossary: anthropometric equipment