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Neuro-Softer W-4, electrical nerve stimulator, Japan, 1981-1990

TENS means Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulator. The device applies low levels of electric current to the body to reduce pain. This could be the chronic pain of osteoarthritis or the acute pain of childbirth. This design has clips on the wires to attach it to acupuncture needles. An electric current from the generator then travels between the two needles once they have been inserted. Electricity is believed to stimulate the energy known as qi in the body. A good flow of qi is essential for wellbeing and health in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Japanese medicine. Treatments such as acupuncture and moxibustion also stimulate qi.

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    Glossary: anaesthetic

    An agent that causes insensitivity to pain. Applied to either the whole body (general anaesthetic) or a particular area or region (local anaesthetic).

    Glossary: acupuncture

    A central therapy in Traditional Chinese Medicine, where fine needles are inserted into the skin at specific points. These points are believed by to lie on channels, or meridians, of energy flow, or qi (chi).

    Glossary: nerve stimulator

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