Artificial femur section for impact tests, England, 1987-1992
This femur section accurately simulated the leg of a pedestrian in impact tests with the bumper of a car. It was part of the first leg form impactor, ‘TRL PT-L1’. This was developed by the Transport Research Laboratory (TRL). The TRL was responsible for ‘dynamic testing’, which involved simulated crashes. This was required for setting up standards and regulations covering car safety in the UK. There was a 78% decrease in pedestrian deaths between 1967 (2,964 people were killed) and 2007 (646). This was due to increased car safety and awareness of issues such as drink driving. The UK had the lowest rates of road deaths within the EU in 2007.
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Glossary: artificial femur
A complete or partial replacement of the bone situated between the pelvis and knee. It is the largest and strongest bone in the body.
Glossary: health and safety