Artificial upper leg section for impact tests, England, 1985-1990
The first Upper leg form impactor (No.1) was developed by the Transport Research Laboratory (TRL). This leg section simulated the thigh of a pedestrian in impact tests with the ‘leading edge’ of a car bonnet. It has in-built sensors. Cable leads connect it to monitoring equipment. The TRL was responsible for ‘dynamic testing’, which involved simulated crashes. This was required for setting up standards and regulations covering car safety in the UK. There was a 78% decrease in pedestrian deaths between 1967 (2,964 people were killed) and 2007 (646). This was due to increased car safety and awareness of issues such as drink driving. The UK had the lowest rates of road deaths within the EU in 2007.
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Glossary: artificial leg
A device, either external or implanted, that substitutes for or supplements a missing or defective part of the body.
Glossary: health and safety