Intra-uterine device, ‘Birnberg Bow’, Europe, 1970-1981
Its shape gives the ‘Birnberg Bow’ intrauterine device (IUD) its name. An IUD is a contraceptive worn inside the uterus, potentially for up to five years. The ‘Birnberg Bow’ received criticism in the 1960s due to its apparent failure rate and difficult insertion. An IUD prevents conception. IUDs became popular in the 1960s and 1970s. However, health scares and litigation in the 1980s saw their use decline. New, more reliable designs were introduced during this time. The IUD remains the most inexpensive long-term reversible method of contraception.
Related Themes and Topics
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The use of methods and techniques to prevent pregnancy from sex.
Glossary: intra-uterine device