Healy Pictorial Completion Test I, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1918-1919
The Healy Pictorial Completion Test I was devised by William Healy in Chicago. It detected juvenile ‘delinquents’ or ‘defective and aberrational individuals’ as Healy termed them. It is an aptitude test. These were important in psychological testing during the 1920s. Children were given an illustrated scene with parts of the image missing. These parts could be replaced with a variety of imagery options. The child’s choice was scored and assessed. This Healy test was used by Dr Margaret Lowenfeld (1890-1973). She established the Institute for Child Psychology in London in 1928. The Institute aimed to understand how children made sense of the world by exploring their non-verbal and creative thought processes. This test was not used at the Institute to look for ‘delinquent’ traits. It was used to better understand the behaviour of often badly traumatised children.
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Glossary: psychological test
A branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness.
Glossary: delinquency test