Anatomical model of a horse, France, 1850-1880
Louis Thomas Jérôme Auzoux (1797-1880) was a renowned French model maker. He created this anatomical model of a horse with wax and papier-mâché. Auzoux was the leading maker of papier-mâché anatomical models in the 1800s. He began manufacturing them in 1822 and this extraordinarily detailed model was one of the largest made by his company. The half-size horse has all the major muscle groups labelled. It was used for teaching. Compared to knowledge about human anatomy, there was little understanding about the anatomy of domestic animals, particularly horses. This hampered the advance of veterinary medicine. The first useful book on horse anatomy was published in 1598. It was written by Italian Carlo Ruini (c. 1530-1598). The establishment of veterinary schools meant students learned by dissecting dead animals. The advantages of using models for teaching is that they do not decay and they bring out the details clearly. The disadvantage is they do not provide the practical experience of dissection.
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Glossary: anatomical model
A model that demonstrates the structure of the human body through the separation of its parts. Often used for teaching purposes.
Glossary: veterinary medicine
Medical science that deals with the diseases and care of animals.