Print showing the internal structure of the human eye, Europe, 1851-1860
A human eye has been dissected in different ways to show the internal structure. The image in the top left shows the lens and the vitreous humour, the jelly-like substance that fills most of the eyeball. This print was taken from an anatomical treatise called 'Schola Medicinæ Universalis Nova' or the 'New Universal History and School of Medicine' by William Rowley (1742-1806), an English male midwife, surgeon and anatomist. First published in 1793, the work contained 68 copper engravings of the human body as well as a brief history of medicine. Anatomical prints were useful tools for medical students as specific features of the body could be enlarged and picked out, making the structures easier to understand.
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Pictorial works produced by transferring images by means of a matrix such as a plate, block, or screen, using any of various printing processes. When emphasizing the individual printed image, use "impressions." Avoid the controversial expression "original prints," except in reference to discussions of the expression's use. If prints are neither "reproductive prints" nor "popular prints," use just "prints."
A branch of medical science concerned with the structure of living organisms.