Print showing the muscles of the human eye, Europe, 1851-1860
This print shows the external muscles of the eye, which are responsible for moving the eyeball, viewed from different angles. This print was taken from an anatomical treatise called 'Schola Medicinæ Universalis Nova' or the 'New Universal History and School of Medicine' by William Rowley (1742-1806), an English male midwife, surgeon and anatomist. First published in 1793, the work contained 68 copper engravings of the human body as well as a brief history of medicine. Anatomical prints were useful tools for medical students as specific features of the body could be enlarged and picked out, making the structures easier to understand.
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Pictorial works produced by transferring images by means of a matrix such as a plate, block, or screen, using any of various printing processes. When emphasizing the individual printed image, use "impressions." Avoid the controversial expression "original prints," except in reference to discussions of the expression's use. If prints are neither "reproductive prints" nor "popular prints," use just "prints."
A branch of medical science concerned with the structure of living organisms.