Model 362 Gene Scanner, United States, 1989
Fragments of DNA are highlighted with fluorescent dyes and placed in this machine, which is known as a Model 362 Fluorescent Fragment Analyser Gene Scanner. Made by Applied Biosystems Ltd., the machine was used to study DNA and genes. It was evaluated for use in early DNA fingerprinting. Using automated machines in laboratory work reduces the chance of human error and is also faster. Applied Biosystems Ltd. donated the machine to the Science Museum’s collections.
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DNA stores the information, or blueprints, of every cell and is located in the genes. It is made up of two strands which form a double helix that is linked by hydrogen bonds. It was first described in 1953 by Francis Crick and James Watson.
Part of the nucleus of a cell that determines how our bodies function. Genes are passed from parents to children.
Glossary: DNA analyser
Laboratory equipment for anaylsing DNA
One of a group of complex organic substances formed in the living cells of plants and animals. A catalyst for the chemical reactions of biological processes.