Plastic model of an antibiotic sensitivity disc test, Europe, 1971-1980
How well antibiotics perform against particular bacteria can be gauged using a disc test. The brown layer in the Petri dish model represents the jelly-like agar containing a bacterium. Samples of antibiotics are placed in the agar and labelled. The space around the antibiotics labelled CX5 and MT10 indicates that the organism cannot grow. These antibiotics could be used to treat infections caused by the organism. The antibiotic labelled PG4, penicillin, allows the bacteria to grow, so will be useless against that particular strain of the organism. Many bacteria are now becoming resistant to antibiotics, which is why tests like this are important.
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Glossary: model - representation
Use for a scaled representation of an object or structure, usually three-dimensional. The item is often idealised or modified to make it conceptually easier to understand.
A substance that is used to treat infections.