Display case with samples of cinchona succiruba bark, England, 1870
Samples from the first batch of cinchona bark grown in Darjeeling, India, and shipped to and sold in London are represented here. The bark, native to South America, was cultivated throughout the world, especially in the British Empire. Cinchona was grown for quinine, used in the prevention and treatment of malaria. The case was collected from the Howard Collection and displayed at a Wellcome exhibition in 1930, which celebrated the 300-year anniversary of the therapeutic uses of cinchona bark. The collection belonged to John Elliot Howard (1807-83). His father, Luke Howard, had established the first British factory to produce quinine in Stratford, east London, in 1823.
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Individual units, segments, or small quantities taken as evidence of the quality or character of the entire group or lot
The preparation and medicinal dispensing of drugs.
Parasitic disease transmitted by certain kinds of mosquito. Malaria is characterized by fever and enlargement of the spleen. Each year, there are approximately 515 million cases of malaria, killing between one and three million people.
A substance taken to fight malaria. Quinine is found naturally in the bark of the cinchona tree. It is also an ingredient in tonic water.