St John Ambulance Association badge, United Kingdom, 1930-1970
The St John Ambulance Association was founded in 1877 as a voluntary organisation originally dedicated to providing emergency help for industrial workers. This was then broadened to providing assistance at public events and the Association essentially remained the foremost provider of ambulance services until the formation of the NHS in 1948. The badge is an eight-pointed star which corresponds to the eight qualities a first-aider needs to have: 1. observation skills; 2. tactfulness – to make the patient feel confident in their abilities and to ask questions to determine the symptoms of the patient; 3. resourcefulness; 4. dexterity – to handle a patient and equipment with care and speed; 5. discrimination – to decide which injury or patient needs treatment first; 6. perseverance – to keep going determinedly; 7. sympathy for the patient; 8. explicitness – to give clear instructions. The badge is shown with 'The St. John Ambulance Brigade Standing Orders and Divisional Rules' book (1999-909 Pt20).
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Objects bearing special or distinctive marks, tokens, or devices signifying membership, allegiance, authority, or qualification; usually worn on the person.
Undertaking or offering to undertake, of one's own free will and without compensation, service to others or to some cause or institution, especially in a community context.