Basilyst obstetric tool, Paris, France, 1851-1900
Basilysts are destructive tools to extract an obstructed foetus from the mother’s body. A basilyst was used as a last resort only after the foetus was dead. It may have died during the pregnancy or during a difficult labour. A metal shaft with an olive-shaped screw and a hinged ‘scoop’-shaped blade comprise the basilyst. The screw penetrated and collapsed the infant’s skull. The scoop gained leverage behind the head to aid extraction. This was designed by L. Hubert and made by Paris-based instrument maker Mathieu.
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A branch of medicine dealing with the care of women. This care occurs during pregnancy, childbirth, and the period of recovery from childbirth.
Glossary: obstetrical basilyst