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The UK effort

Double Nobel prizewinner Fred Sanger was the first person to read the complete DNA sequence of an organism - a virus - in 1978. Now, the Sanger Centre, based near Cambridge in the UK, is the largest single participant in the Human Genome Project. Scientists there aim to read one billion base pairs of DNA, a third of the entire human genome. Before tackling the human genome, the Centre's director John Sulston perfected the technology on the roundworm genome: a mere 100 million base pairs of DNA in length!

The DNA sequence of the roundworm genome was worked out at the Sanger Centre.
The DNA sequence of the roundworm genome was worked out at the Sanger Centre.
David Becker/Wellcome Photo Library

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