Fell-O'Dwyer apparatus, American, 1880s.

Image number: 10287773

Fell-O'Dwyer apparatus, American, 1880s.

Fell-O'Dwyer apparatus, made of nickel-plated steel with three steel and two vulcanite heads. During the 1880s, American George Fell devised an apparatus for forced artificial respiration through an opening cut in the trachea. Soon after 1887, Joseph O'Dwyer combined this with his own method of intubating the larynx. Air from a foot bellows was passed into the lungs via tubes whose graduated end pieces were introduced in the larynx. He developed this apparatus in order to prevent diptheria patients from suffocating due to the growth of a false membrane over the larynx which occurs in severe cases of the disease.

Image number:
10287773
Credit:
Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library
Date taken:
20 October 2003 12:43
Image rights:
Science Museum