Rocketdyne J-2 rocket motor, 1960s

Image number: 10278413

Rocketdyne J-2 rocket motor, 1960s

The J-2 engine is one of the most important engines in the history of manned space flight. It was the first manned booster engine to make use of liquid hydrogen as a propellant, as well as being the first large booster engine designed to be restarted multiple times in the course of a flight. The J-2’s versatility meant that it was used on both the second and third stages of the Saturn V rocket used to launch NASA’s successful Apollo missions to the Moon. The second stage used five of the engines, which burned for six minutes, while the third used a single J-2, which was fired twice during each mission and then sent into orbit around the Sun.

Image number:
10278413
Credit:
Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library
Image rights:
Science Museum
 

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