Whitworth's self-acting screw feed reversing tool box planing machine, 1842.

Image number: 10284862

Whitworth's self-acting screw feed reversing tool box planing machine, 1842.

The English mechanical engineer, Sir Joseph Whitworth (1803-1887), pioneered precision measurement and created a small workshop to produce hand tools. This was later expanded to make machine tools and engines, including steam engines. Whitworth also produced weapons, improving the steel used in guns by subjecting the molten metal to pressure during its solidification. This became known as 'Whitworth steel'. He became a member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in 1847.

Image number:
10284862
Credit:
Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library
Date taken:
20 October 2003 12:37
Image rights:
Science Museum