Pewter bleeding bowl, 18th or 19th century.
Image number: 10307222
This type of bleeding bowl is also known as a porringer because it has two handles. The practice of bleeding, or bloodletting, was intended to drain 'poisons' or excess blood from the body in order to restore the balance of the humours. It was believed that the human body contained four humours (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile) which mirrored the four elements (air, water, fire, earth). If these humours lost their natural balance, illness would result. Different illnesses required treatment by bleeding from different parts of the body, and complex charts were made describing where the bleeding knife or leeches should be applied. Bleeding was a popular therapy in the Middle Ages, and continued to be practised as late as the 19th century.
- Image number:
- Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library
- Date taken:
- 20 October 2003 13:56
- Image rights:
- Science Museum