Equipment for spinning viscose rayon, 1901.

Image number: 10326665

Equipment for spinning viscose rayon, 1901.

Viscose rayon is regenerated cellulose, originally based on cellulose acetate and evetually on cellulose xanthate. Due to the obtained yellow solution being rather viscous it was christened 'Viscose'. It was developed by Englishmen Charles F Cross and Edward J Bevan and patented by Cross, Bevan and Clayton Beadle in 1892 with the British patents taken over by Courtaulds in 1904. A successor to Chardonnet silk (based on cellulose nitrate), viscose rayon (cellulose acetate) could be spun into thread but its chemical composition made it less flammable.

Image number:
10326665
Credit:
Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library
Date taken:
13 January 2004 12:02
Image rights:
Science Museum