The Pilot ACE computer
This was one of the first electronic ‘universal’ computers. Its fundamental design was by Alan Turing, who wrote the specification in 1945 while working at the government’s National Physical Laboratory. It was completed in 1950.
Turing’s idea was to build a large computer, to be known as the Automatic Computing Engine or ACE. But slow progress, coupled with changes in project direction imposed on Turing, left him deeply frustrated, and he quit in 1948. This small-scale trial version, called Pilot ACE, was completed in his absence.
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