The Rise of Anatomy, a dissection in the 14th century
This diorama illustrates what may have taken place during a dissection in the University of Bologna in the 14th century. The body, of an executed criminal, is being studied by a group of students. An attendant waits with a bucket to take away the dissected parts. At this time, bodies could not be preserved, so dissections had to begin with the part of the body which started to decay first, the abdomen. The chest and neck were displayed next, and finally the muscles and bones of the limbs. The dissection would follow the principles laid down by the Italian Mondino De Luzzi (?1270-1326), in a practical manual published in 1316. The scene is based on an illustration from a very important book by a Frenchman, Guy de Chauliac (c.1300-1367). De Chauliac first took Mondino�s ideas to the University of Montpellier in France. The diorama was made in England, between 1901 and 1970.
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