Factory conditions improved for many through the 1800s, including these Scottish power-loom weavers photographed in 1900.
Image: Science Museum / SSPL

Factory conditions improve

A succession of Factory Acts shortened working hours and improved factory conditions, especially for women and children. By the mid-1800s, textile factories were frequently better places to work, even if jobs were often monotonous.

Although factories had become associated with bad working conditions it was often in the older industries and in smaller workshops, agriculture and the home that working conditions were worst.

What was work like for children outside of the factory?