Newcomen's first engine
Thomas Newcomen erected the world's first successful steam engine near Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, in 1712. The engine pumped water from a mine at the rate of 10 gallons per stroke from a depth of 150 feet - an unprecedented feat in 1712.
Newcomen had built the first widely used engine by which man obtained mechanical power other than from wind, water or muscular effort. His design was rugged and reliable, and changed little for more than 60 years.