On Display

    Congreve Bombarding Frame, 1806.

    Replica, Congreve Bombarding Frame 1806 and 32 lb carcass rockets: consisting of (a) ladder; (b) two rocket troughs; (c) two supporting legs for ladder; (d) tie bar for supporting legs; (e) gun bucket; (f) two 32lb Carcass rockets complete with stick

    Indian military rocket, late 18th century.

    Replica, Indian War Rocket late 18th century

    GIRD-09, the first Soviet liquid-fuelled rocket, 1933.

    1:6 scale model of GIRD-09, the first Russian bi-propellant rocket, c. 1933

    Sputnik 1 satellite, 1957.

    Replica Sputnik 1, the world's first artificial satellite, 1957

    Huygens replica

    The Huygens spacecraft was the first to land on Titan.

    Beagle 2 replica, 2003

    Beagle 2 was sent to land on Mars.


    This V2 engine is one of several that were salvaged at the end of the Second World War by British forces.

    Moon rock

    This piece of Moon rock was cut from the ‘Great Scott’ rock that Apollo 15 astronaut David Scott picked from the Moon’s surface in August 1971.

    Gamma 201 rocket engine, c 1957.

    Gamma 201 rocket engine (Black Knight type)

    Galilean telescopes, 1610.

    This is a replica of one of the telescopes made by Galileo Galilei after he learnt of the invention of the telescope in 1608. The refracting telescope magnifies only 14 times yet gives a very restricted field of view. As a result, Galileo was only

    Black Arrow R4 rocket in the Space Gallery, Science Museum, 2000.

    The fifth and final Black Arrow rocket, its predecessor made Britain the fifth nation to launch its own satellite.

    Rocketdyne J-2 rocket motor, 1960s

    The J-2 engine is one of the most important engines in the history of manned space flight.