Making the Modern World


    On Display

    Arkwright's original drawing frame (lantern frame), c 1775.

    Arkwright's drawing frame, commonly known as a lantern frame, c.1780. 'Drawing' was part of the preparatory processes applied to cotton prior to it being spun - Drawing both strengthens and evens the fibres and adds some twist. This machine was proba

    Watt's separate condenser, second model, 1765.

    Second model separate condenser, formerly described as the "original" model. Made by James Watt (1736-1819), 1765. Early Newcomen engines were inefficient as their working cycle entailed continual heating and cooling of the cylinder, which wasted fue

    Babbage's Difference Engine No. 1 (Trial Portion), 1832

    Trial portion of the Difference Engine, the first known automatic calculator.

    Red Cross fund-raising brooch made from Zeppelin wire, 1917.

    Brooch made of wire from the first Zeppelin brought-down in England, mounted on card by the British Red Cross, presumably for fund-rising purposes, c.1917

    Cooke and Wheatstone five-needle telegraph, 1837.

    Cooke and Wheatstone's earliest (five-needle) telegraph, 1837

    Thalomid (thalidomide) capsules, 1999.

    THALOMID (thalidomide) in blister pack marketed for use in treating leprosy, HIV infection and some cancers under strictly controlled conditions

    Arkwright's carding machine, 1775.

    Carding machine by Arkwright, 1775, believed to be from Cromford Mill. This machine is similar to the cylindrical carding machine patented by Daniel Bourne in 1748. The cotton was first ginned and beaten, then fed on to the feed roller, called a "li

    Boyle's type anaesthetic machine, 1941-1963.

    This is the back bar for a Boyle's type anaesthetic machine with vaporisers for ether and trilene, flowmeters for oxygen, cyclopropane and nitrous oxide, and a rebreathing bag. The apparatus was made by the British Oxygen Company Ltd, London, England

    Orthopaedic corsets, 19th century.

    Brass orthopaedic corsets (A158526 & A121452), to correct deformities of the bones or muscles. Probably made in England during the 19th century

    HMV portable gramophone, UK, c 1931.

    H.M.V. portable gramophone No.102 with soundbox No.5B, c. 1931.