Making the Modern World


    On Display

    Early submarine cables and grapnel, 1858-1866.

    Glazed case containing specimens of submarine cables etc:- viz: (a) two specimens of shore end and two specimens of main cable of each of Atlantic cables, 1858, 1865 and 1866; (b) two specimens of grapnel rope used in recovery of 1865 cable; (c) two

    Plane table outfit, 1745-1755.

    This plane table was made by Benjamin Cole. Plane tabling is a method of survey which allows observations to be plotted directly on a map by a surveyor in the field. Modern versions are still used today for filling in or updating detail on street pla

    Circumferentor, 1750-1763.

    This circumferentor was made by George Adams of London, one of the top instrument makers of the day. It was used between 1750-1763 on the survey of the Mason-Dixon line, in America. The instrument is inscribed in an engraved circle; 'Geo: Adams LONDO

    Cooke and Wheatstone two-needle telegraph in Gothic case, 1851.
    Early Bell telephone and terminal panel, 1877.

    Early bell telephone and terminal panel, 1877, used at Osborne Cottage, 14th January 1878

    Stock exchange printing telegraph, 1907.

    Stock Exchange printing telegraph, comprises:- (a) transmitter unit; (b) two receivers; ( c) power pack

    Original pilot Bessemer converter, 1856.

    Sir Henry Bessemer (1813-1898) was an English inventor and engineer who invented a cheap process for maufacturing steel. He patented a process by which molten pig iron was converted to steel by blowing air through it in a Bessemer converter.This remo

    Jumper produced with wool taken from Dolly the sheep, 1998.

    Jumper knitted from the first fleece of the sheep named 'Dolly' which was the first animal to be born as a result of cloning an adult cell.

    Original mirror for William Herschel's 40 foot telescope, 1785.

    The astronomer, Sir William Herschel made this 48-inch concave metal mirror for his '40-Foot Telescope' at Slough, England. Cast in 1785, the mirror is made of speculum, a bronze alloy with arsenic for a more lustrous finish. Weighing only half a t

    Arkwright's original drawing frame (lantern frame), c 1775.

    Arkwright's drawing frame, commonly known as a lantern frame, c.1780. 'Drawing' was part of the preparatory processes applied to cotton prior to it being spun - Drawing both strengthens and evens the fibres and adds some twist. This machine was proba