The Science and Art of Medicine

     

    On Display

    Artificial leg, Roman, c 300 BC.

    Copy of Roman artificial leg, c.1910. The original was made of bronze and had been excavated from a grave in Capua, Italy. Dating from c.300BC, it was the oldest artificial limb to be discovered. Kept at the Royal College of Surgeons in London, it

     
    Ancient Egyptian faience amulet, right eye, 4000-30 BC.

    Faience eye of Horus amulet, Ancient Egyptian, 4000-30BC. Sometimes known as the wedjat eye, this amulet had complex meanings within the Egyptian culture, including protection against the 'evil eye'. Faience is a glazed non-clay ceramic material, com

     
    Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist, c 1870-1890.

    Bronze statue of Louis Pasteur, full length and holding a flask in his left hand, signed Galli

     
    Greek and Roman mixing bowls with 'Larva Convivialis', 450 BC-200 AD.

    Red figure column krater, decorated with drinking scenes by the Cleveland Painter, inscription painted over are of the figures, Attica, Greece, 460-440BC

     
    Three knives, Egyptian, 2000-100 BC.

    Knife, bronze, hooked blade, probably used for cutting internal attachments of internal organs in evisceration prior to embalming, Egyptian, 2000-100BC

     
    Thomas Skinner's chloroform mask, c 1865.

    Thomas Skinner, Obstetric Physician to the Dispensaries in Liverpool, introduced this type of mask in 1862. Chloroform was dropped from a specially designed bottle onto the mask, which kept it off the patient�s face. This technique continued to be us

     
    Votive viscera, probably Roman, 200 BC-200 AD.

    Votive viscera, female, terracotta, probably Roman, 200BC-200AD. Votive offerings were gifts given to the gods in prayer. These would often be in the form or representation of the injured or diseased part of the body and would be left at the temple o

     
    Wooden statue of St Cosmas, probably French, 19th century.

    Wooden figure of Saint Cosmas, probably French, 1801-1900. St. Cosmas and his twin brother St. Damian are the patron saints of physicians. They were physicians who would not accept payment for treatment, an act of charity which converted many people

     
    Statuette of Imhotep seated, Egyptian, 600-500 BC.

    Seated figurine of Imhotep, made of electrum metal, Ancient Egyptian, 600-500BC. Imhotep (2686-2613 BC) was the first known physician and chief adviser to King Zoser (Djoser), in the 3rd dynasty. He was also the architect of the first pyramid in Egyp

     
    German salvarsan kit, c 1912.

    Salvarsan kit, c.1912, by W.Martindale and Lucius and Bruning