The Science and Art of Medicine

     

    On Display

    Thomas Skinner's chloroform mask, c 1865.

    Thomas Skinner, Obstetric Physician to the Dispensaries in Liverpool, introduced this type of mask in 1862. Chloroform was dropped from a specially designed bottle onto the mask, which kept it off the patient�s face. This technique continued to be us

     
    Votive viscera, probably Roman, 200 BC-200 AD.

    Votive viscera, female, terracotta, probably Roman, 200BC-200AD. Votive offerings were gifts given to the gods in prayer. These would often be in the form or representation of the injured or diseased part of the body and would be left at the temple o

     
    Wooden statue of St Cosmas, probably French, 19th century.

    Wooden figure of Saint Cosmas, probably French, 1801-1900. St. Cosmas and his twin brother St. Damian are the patron saints of physicians. They were physicians who would not accept payment for treatment, an act of charity which converted many people

     
    Statuette of Imhotep seated, Egyptian, 600-500 BC.

    Seated figurine of Imhotep, made of electrum metal, Ancient Egyptian, 600-500BC. Imhotep (2686-2613 BC) was the first known physician and chief adviser to King Zoser (Djoser), in the 3rd dynasty. He was also the architect of the first pyramid in Egyp

     
    German salvarsan kit, c 1912.

    Salvarsan kit, c.1912, by W.Martindale and Lucius and Bruning

     
    Box containing a bottle of Safi, 'the blood purifier', Pakistan, c 2004-2005.

    A box containing a bottle of Safi, a Unani Tibb herbal medicine used as a tonic to purify blood. Unani Tibb medicines have been produced commercially for about 70 years in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

     

    A herbal medicine called a ma'jun, meaning sweet medicine, used by practitioners of Unani Tibb. Herbs are mixed with honey to make them sweet and preserve their freshness. Honey is considered to have important healing powers.

     

    A container of Crategus vegetarian capsules, prepared at the Mohsin Institute, Leicester, in 2005. They contain a mixture of raw herbs prepared by a Hakim (Unani Tibb doctor) at the Institute. Hakims practising in Britain often work with traditional

     

    A container of Trifola Ayurvedic paste, designed to help digestion. This classic Ayurvedic mixture is now also used by Unani Tibb practitioners. Unlike many Tibb preparations, it has a bitter taste and should be taken in the evening with warm water o

     

    A plastic sachet containing Joshanda, a Unani Tibb herbal medicine used to treat flu, coughs and colds. Unani Tibb medicines have been produced commercially for about 70 years in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.