The Science and Art of Medicine

     

    On Display

    Contraceptive sponges, early 20th century.

    This particular contraceptive sponge (illustrated on the far right) is made out rubber and has a central cavity for a suppository and a handle for removal. �Occlusator� is its brand name. It is illustrated with a number of other sponges

     
    Terracotta statue of St Antonio, Spanish or Italian, early 16th century.

    Earthenware statue of Saint Anthony (Antonino) of Florence, Italian, 1701-1850.

     
    Model of the Asklepeion at Epidauras, Greece, 1936.

    Model of Asklepeion at Epidauras, after the reconstruction of Defrasse, made in London, 1936, scale 1:66. The main temple was originally built in the 5th and 6th centuries BC as a shrine to Asclepius, Greek god of medicine and healing.

     
    Statue of St Tugean, 18th or 19th century.

    Wooden statue of Saint Tugean, or Tujean, probably French, c. 1701-1900. This saint could be invoked against the disease of rabies.

     
    Stone oculist's seal, Roman.

    Blank stone oculist's stamp (or seal), with inscriptions of five sides, found in the bed of the river Moselle, France. Roman, c. 400BC-400AD. Oculist's were specialised eye doctors, who treated eye diseases such as cataracts.

     
    Wooden statue of St Livertin, French, 17th century.

    Wooden statue of Saint Livertin, France, 1601-1700. Usually depicted clutching his head, Livertin is said to protect against headaches.

     
    Wooden plaque of St Lucy of Syracuse, Spanish, 17th century.

    Wooden plaque of Saint Lucy, Spain, 1601-1700. St. Lucy was martyred in the 3rd century AD during the persecution of the Christians by the Roman Emperor Diocletian. She became a patron of eye problems because legend told how she never wished to marry

     
    Ancient Egyptian kohl pots, 1800-200 BC.

    Granite Kohl pot and stick, Egyptian, 1800BC to 200BC. Make-up was in common use in Ancient Egypt and focused particularly on the eye, in order to replicate the appearance of the sun god, Re. Kohl eyeliner was frequently used to achieve this effect.

     
    Ancient Egyptian toilet box with ivory inlay, 650-350 BC.

    Ivory inlaid wooden toilet box, Egyptian, 650BC to 350BC. Makeup was in common use in ancient Egypt. Eye shadow pots, mirrors and perfume jars were among the items frequently found in boxes like this. Toilet boxes were also buried with mummies (embal

     
    Brockedon's metal pill die with three boxes of pills, 1843.