The Science and Art of Medicine


    On Display

    Humerus of an adult human, and broken foot bones, Egyptian, 4000 BC- AD 200.

    The humerus is the upper arm bone, between the elbow and the shoulder. This example is from the left arm of an adult and shows a healed unreduced fracture. It was excavated in Tell Fara, Egypt and is thought to originate from the Roman period, 100 BC

    Wax anatomical figure of a reclining female, c 1771-1780.

    This model of a female lying on a velvet cloth is inside a glass display case. The figure is made from bees-wax and hair and the front can be removed to reveal the internal organs, some of which can themselves be removed. The model was probably manuf

    Bronze male anatomical figure on a marble stand, 1750-1800.

    This is an ecorche, a sculpture designed to show the muscles of the body without skin. It illustrates the male anatomy and is English, following the design of Spang. A similar figure is shown being held by William Hunter (1718-1783) in a portrait fro

    Vesalius dissecting the muscles of the forearm of a cadaver, 1543.

    This illustration is from Vesalius�s work �De humani corporis fabrica� (�On the Structure of the Human Body�). The book was first published in 1543 and contained detailed descriptions and illustrations of human anatomy. This woodcut is from the seco

    Three pairs of Roman surgical shears, 200-500 AD.

    Surgical shears, small, bronze, Roman

    'A Midwife going to a labour', 1811.

    This is a hand coloured etching by Thomas Rowlandson (1756-1827) published by T Tegg, London. It is headed �Teggs Caricatures, No.55�, and shows the midwife as a blowsy, obese aged woman, who has been called out on a squally night, her hooded red clo

    Stone mortar and pestle, Indian, 1750-1850.

    A stone mortar and pestle made in India. The mortar and pestle is a traditional tool important in many medical traditions, used to grind and blend plants and minerals into a wide range of remedies.

    Enema syringe with cloth carrying bag, Indian, 2005.

    An enema syringe with a cloth carrying bag, purchased from India in 2005. An enema (vasthi) introduces fluid into the lower bowel via the anus. A single Ayurvedic treatment might involve several enemas using oils mixed with different medicinal herbs

    Copper bowl used in Ayurvedic Shirodhara therapy, Indian, c 2005.

    A copper bowl with chains for suspension, known as a dhara chatti. It is used in Ayurvedic shirodhara therapy, where warm oil from a suspended pot is slowly poured onto the forehead. Usually prescribed for illnesses affecting the head, it is increas

    Stainless steel nasal dropper, USA, 2004-2005.

    A stainless steel nasal oil applicator, purchased in 2005. Medicinal oils are poured directly into the nose during panchakarma, an Ayurvedic therapy. This treatment specifically targets health problems of the head, such as migraine, eye complaints an

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