The Science and Art of Medicine

 

On Display

Three knives, Egyptian, 2000-100 BC.

Knife, bronze, hooked blade, probably used for cutting internal attachments of internal organs in evisceration prior to embalming, Egyptian, 2000-100BC

 
Toothbrush set, c 1790.

A silver toothbrush set, once owned by Joseph Hardy Lindsey. The Chinese are credited with inventing the use of toothbrushes and toothpastes, although the ancient Egyptians used branches with frayed ends to clean their teeth. In the West, the use of

 

A small black leather covered homeopathic medicine case lined with red velvet, containing a small scoop and 30 labelled glass phials of homeopathic medicines. The chest is inscribed 'Dr. Malan's Family Medicine Chest'.

 
Oil bottle, Italy, 375-325 BC.

Lekythos oil bottle, handle now detached, decorated in the Apulian style. Roman, from Italy, 375-325BC. Apulia, a region of southern Italy, gave its name to the distinct style of decoration seen on this bottle. Lekythoi were Ancient Greek one-handled

 
Artificial leg, Roman, c 300 BC.

Copy of Roman artificial leg, c.1910. The original was made of bronze and had been excavated from a grave in Capua, Italy. Dating from c.300BC, it was the oldest artificial limb to be discovered. Kept at the Royal College of Surgeons in London, it

 
Ancient Egyptian faience amulet, right eye, 4000-30 BC.

Faience eye of Horus amulet, Ancient Egyptian, 4000-30BC. Sometimes known as the wedjat eye, this amulet had complex meanings within the Egyptian culture, including protection against the 'evil eye'. Faience is a glazed non-clay ceramic material, com

 
Artificial nose, 17th-18th century.

Full view. Artificial nose, made of plated metal, from the 17th or 18th century. Such noses would have been made to replace an original, which may have been congenitally absent or deformed, lost through accident or during combat or due to a degener

 
Syringe, Sri Lankan, 16th century.

An ivory enema syringe from Sri Lanka dating from the late 1700s. An enema (vasthi) introduces fluid into the lower bowel via the anus. A single Ayurvedic treatment might involve several enemas using oils mixed with different medicinal herbs – depend

 
Bronze figure showing acupuncture points, Chinese, early 18th century.

A bronze acupuncture training model used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for teaching the position of acupuncture points on the body. The model was covered in a thick layer of wax and filled with water or mercury. Students pressed acupuncture needl

 
Surgical instrument set, Indian, c 19th century.

Surgical instrument set in wooden case, India, 1800-1899