The Science and Art of Medicine

 

On Display

Male anti-masturbation device, British, 1871-1930.

Male anti-masturbation apparatus, c.1871-1930. This metal device is one of a number of similar devices which were invented in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries to prevent masturbation. A leather strap which would have kept it in place is now missin

 
Fowler's phrenological head, English, 1860-1896.

Glazed phrenological bust by Lorenzo Niles Fowler (1811-1896) displaying 42 phrenological organs and their names on one side and their seven collective groupings on the other. Fowler�s own additions such as Conjugality (Love of matrimony) and Sublimi

 
Traction apparatus, probably from 16th century Italy.

Traction apparatus, used to support fractures and dislocations and correct limb deformities. Constructed of iron, brass and wood, it is believed to have been made in Italy during the 16th century.

 
Two artificial noses, 17th-18th century.

Two artificial noses, one of carved ivory (A641030), possibly 18th century, the other of plated metal (A641037), 17-18th century. These noses would have been made to replace an original, which may have been congenitally absent or deformed, lost thro

 
Artificial hand and forearm, 17th century.

Artificial iron arm, for left hand below-elbow amputee. Artificial limbs such as these were expensive items made by armourers, and they allowed wearers who had lost a limb in combat to continue with their fighting career. Believed to date from the 1

 
Two wooden anatomical figures, 17th century.

This is a figure of a man lying on a bed with a pillow under his head. The figure is made of wood and the front can be removed to reveal the internal organs.

 
Humerus of an adult human, and broken foot bones, Egyptian, 4000 BC- AD 200.

The humerus is the upper arm bone, between the elbow and the shoulder. This example is from the left arm of an adult and shows a healed unreduced fracture. It was excavated in Tell Fara, Egypt and is thought to originate from the Roman period, 100 BC

 
Wax anatomical figure of a reclining female, c 1771-1780.

This model of a female lying on a velvet cloth is inside a glass display case. The figure is made from bees-wax and hair and the front can be removed to reveal the internal organs, some of which can themselves be removed. The model was probably manuf

 
Bronze male anatomical figure on a marble stand, 1750-1800.

This is an ecorche, a sculpture designed to show the muscles of the body without skin. It illustrates the male anatomy and is English, following the design of Spang. A similar figure is shown being held by William Hunter (1718-1783) in a portrait fro

 
Vesalius dissecting the muscles of the forearm of a cadaver, 1543.

This illustration is from Vesalius�s work �De humani corporis fabrica� (�On the Structure of the Human Body�). The book was first published in 1543 and contained detailed descriptions and illustrations of human anatomy. This woodcut is from the seco