The Science and Art of Medicine


    On Display

    Roman vaginal speculum, 100 BC-400 AD.

    Bronze vaginal speculum, probably Roman, found in the Lebanon, made c. 100BC to 400AD, although the screw part is modern. It comprises a priapiscus with dovetailing valves which are opened and closed by a handle with a screw mechanism. It shows the r

    Phlebotomy measuring device, Egyptian, c 1354.

    Model of a blood letting device as described by muslim scholar Al-Jazari in AD 1204-6, and reconstructed in 1977. It measured the blood lost during phlebotomy (blood-letting) sessions, a popular therapy in the Arab world. It is illustrated in Al-Jaza

    Statuette of the goddess, Hygeia, Roman, 250-100 BC.

    Statue of Hygeia, made of white marble, found at Ostia, Roman, 250-100BC. Hygeia was the Greek and Roman goddess of health and is the root word for hygiene.

    Bronze Roman cupping vessel, 1-79 AD.

    Bronze cupping vessel, from Pompeii, Roman, 1-79AD. Cupping was an ancient therapy intended to restore the balance of the body. It remained popular in the Western world until the 19th century.

    Group of Ancient Egyptian amulets, 4000-30 BC.

    Faience amulet, djed, Egyptian, 400-30BC

    Alchemical furnace & iron mannikin, 1500-1700.

    Alchemist's digesting furnace, or anthanot, stoneware, German, 1501-1700

    Petit tourniquet, late 18th or early 19th century.

    Petit tourniquet said to have been used by Dr. Gillespie on the HMS Victory, 1805

    Hunting trousse, English, c 1570.

    Hunting trousse, steel, brass and mahogany, English

    Two medicine chests used by explorers, late 19th-early 20th century.

    Medicine chest, used by Livingstone on his last journey, 1874, small, leather, with drugs, including some from Treacher of Bombay and Poona, in 17 glass bottles, a lancet, caustic pencil, one brass weight and a folder plaster, 11860-1874

    Asclepius, marble statuette, Greek, 400-200 BC.

    Marble statue of Aesculapius, probably Greek, 400-200 BC