The Science and Art of Medicine


    On Display

    Ancient Egyptian amulet representing the god Thoth, 4000-30 BC.

    Amulet representing the god Thoth, Ancient Egyptian, 4000-30 BC. Carved from the blue rock, lapis lazuli, Thoth was one of the most popular Egyptian gods and had multiple roles in Egyptian mythology. He was the god of wisdom, writing and the moon, t

    Roman glass bottles, 3rd to 5th century AD.

    Glass bottle, long neck, two handles, Roman, 251-450AD. Glass appears to have been produced as far back as the second millennium BC by the Egyptians and perhaps the Phoenicians. Around the end of the 1st century BC glass-blowing was developed, whereb

    Roman vaginal speculum, 100 BC-400 AD.

    Bronze vaginal speculum, probably Roman, found in the Lebanon, made c. 100BC to 400AD, although the screw part is modern. It comprises a priapiscus with dovetailing valves which are opened and closed by a handle with a screw mechanism. It shows the r

    Phlebotomy measuring device, Egyptian, c 1354.

    Model of a blood letting device as described by muslim scholar Al-Jazari in AD 1204-6, and reconstructed in 1977. It measured the blood lost during phlebotomy (blood-letting) sessions, a popular therapy in the Arab world. It is illustrated in Al-Jaza

    Statuette of the goddess, Hygeia, Roman, 250-100 BC.

    Statue of Hygeia, made of white marble, found at Ostia, Roman, 250-100BC. Hygeia was the Greek and Roman goddess of health and is the root word for hygiene.

    Bronze Roman cupping vessel, 1-79 AD.

    Bronze cupping vessel, from Pompeii, Roman, 1-79AD. Cupping was an ancient therapy intended to restore the balance of the body. It remained popular in the Western world until the 19th century.

    Group of Ancient Egyptian amulets, 4000-30 BC.

    Faience amulet, djed, Egyptian, 400-30BC

    Pewter box for transporting leeches, 19th century.

    Pewter leech box, inscribed �Leeches�.

    Stoneware patent leech jar, late 19th century.

    Leech jar, stoneware, with lid and iron clamp for lid, inscribed 'Patent Leech Jar'.

    Two leech jars, 19th century.

    Pottery leech jar, with lid and iron clamp for lid, sides perforated for ventilation, 19th century. Illustrated on the right, next to A637617, another leech jar.