Tsung-Dao Lee (1926-)
Tsung-Dao Lee, born in Shanghai in 1926, is an American physicist best known for his work on parity violation and particle physics. Despite disruption to his early education caused by the Second Sino-Japanese War, he was admitted to the National Chekiang University, where he developed an intense interest in physics.
In 1946 Lee received a fellowship for graduate study in the United States. He quickly became a widely known scientist, especially for his work in elementary particles, statistical mechanics and astrophysics. At Columbia University he focused on particle physics and made a systematic study of parity violation. For this work he was awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics. Lee is the third youngest winner of the prize in history.
Among Lee’s many prizes and awards are the Albert Einstein Award in Science, the Galileo Galilei Medal, the Science for Peace Prize, the China National-International Cooperation Award and the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star from Japan.