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'Playskool' wooden toy, 1960-1980.

Playskool wooden toy, a wooden framework with rotating blocks bearing numbers and symbols to do arithmetic. 1960-1980. Toys to help with arithmetic were introduced from the start of the 20th century.

 
The 'Tell Bell' educational game, English, 1928-1932.

The 'Tell Bell' educational game, made by Knapp Electrical Inc, a division of P. R. Mallory & Co. Inc.. An educational toy requiring the player to answer multiply choice questions involving mathematics. Answers are selected with template cards and

 
Brunsviga calculating machine, 1892.

Brunsviga calculating machine with lid, no262. c.1892. This barrel calculating machine represents the Brunsviga in its earliest form. Barrel calculating machines were smaller, lighter and easier to operate than Arithmometers. The machine performs mu

 
Farey's ellipsograph, 1817.

Farey's ellipsograph dated 1817 in mahogany case. An ellipsograph is used to draw ellipses, which consist of a combination of two circular motions. The drawing pencil is fixed in position in a central ring, which then revolves. At the same time, the

 
The 'Brical' British calculator, 1905.

Brical' adding machine in case with two bone styluses. Patented by H and M Dickinson, the 'Brical' was Britain's answer to the French circular 'Tronset' instrument and is a modification of it. It was designed to add sums of money from 1/2d to £500.

 
GEM calculator, 1890.

Gem' calculating machine, J.Guthrie's patent No 15062, 1890. The GEM calculator is a simple device for the addition of English money. Numbers are added by inserting a stylus against the figure and pulling downward.

 
Bissaker's slide rule, 1654, and Thacher's calculating instrument, 1881.

The earliest known dated slide rule, made by Robert Bissaker, which uses scales bound together with metal bands.

 
Henrici's harmonic analyser, No 3, 1894.

Harmonic analyser designed by O.Henrici, made by G. Coradi, 1894. Harmonic analysers were designed to break down a complex wave, such as a sound wave, into its fundamental and harmonic components. This one uses the motions of three glass spheres whic

 
Napier's Bones, c 1690.

Set of Napier's bones in boxwood, in a boxwood case. John Napier (1550-1617), discoverer of logarithms, also created this popular calculating tool known as Napier's cylindrical 'rods' or 'bones'. Napier's bones reduced muliplication to a sequence of

 
School exercise book, 1814.

The maths exercise book comprises hundreds of mathematical problems and calculations in the fields of numeration, trigonometry, navigation, astronomy etc. Includes numerous diagrams and several pen and ink drawings of rigged three-masters. Compiled b